Damavand is famous among climbers for ascending to the peak, but it has some offerings to explorers as well. It is the highest peak in the Middle East and second highest volcanic in Asia (after Kunlun volcano in Tibet). Damavand is an active volcano with 16 climbing routes. Each of these 16 routes would offer different views and attractions from its peak and surrounding area. On and around this vast mountain there are different villages and nomads living. These people live with this mountain and their lives would be nothing without the generous offerings of this mountain. These locals breed ships and goats and make honey from bees. In fact, getting to know more about the lifestyle of these people is one the main highlights of this trip. For those who are in love of nature, there are different flora and fauna to see and enjoy. On this trip the main focus would be on the south face of the mountain to discover its attractions and socialize with people living there. We will visit two villages of Nava & Shahandasht along with visiting Larijan and its hot spring spas. You will also enjoy half a day 4x4 driving to the second camp (3000m).
Damavand with 5610 meters altitude (according to the latest estimates) is the highest mountain in Iran and western Asia. It is also the highest volcanic cone-shaped peak in Asia. Its volcanic activity has been in the geological past and there is no human historical record of any known activity, so it is considered as a non-active former volcano. As a former volcano it is endowed with many natural gifts due to its past. Hot and cold springs abound on her slopes and the surrounding land. There are sizable areas on its slopes that are covered with sulfur and still active enough to give off that special sulfur odor. There are relatively large glaciers, frozen waterfalls, gas and steam wells. Because of many deep valleys and high slopes surrounding it, the region harbors a great variety of vegetation and wildlife. There are great vistas where one can take in some quiet moments and gaze at beautiful panoramas, while standing in the heart of this remarkable mountain.
It is located in the Central Alborz Mountain chain and has at least 16 recognized routes for ascending to its peak. There is a long and colorful history of numerous ascends. Some has become quite mythical in their colorful accounts, courageous deeds and tragic ends. The mountain itself is the subject of many mythical and folkloric tales. In the spring the slopes are covered by green pastures and wild flowers. From the peak, one can see quite some distance. To the north there are the waters of the Caspian Sea, to the west there are the waters of Lar reservoir and the sprawling city of Tehran. To the south one can gaze into the vastness of the desert which is called Dashte Kavir. A truly remarkable and memorable climb on a unique mountain.